According to Strabon,Side was built by the Cymians who formed one of the Aeolian cities in the north of Izmir (Smyrna). The world ?side? means pomegranate in the ancient local languages. According to discoveries arising out the excavations, Side was ruled by the Ptolemaics of Egypt in the third century BC and later by the Assyrian Kingdom. In 188 BC ?Side?gained its indepence, but was later annexed to the Galata Kingdom in 78 BC, but then in 25 BC Side gained its independence again. Alas, it then became a target of the Pirates and Arabs and rapidly diminished after the 3rd century (AD).
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